When it comes to building data center security, there are plenty of complex documents that can guide designers on how to get the process right. If you are in charge of the design of a facility, there are several goals that you should prioritize to ensure that the security of the datacenter facility is integrated into the design the proper way. Without that, it will most likely be a costly afterthought that will cost your facility a lot of money. A good data center with the right data center security can withstand anything ranging from earthquakes to terrorist attacks.
A Guide to Physical Security for Data Centers
Here is a simple and straightforward data center security guide that can guide you through the process:
Ensure the Datacenter is Built on the Right Spot: The facility should be built some distance from your headquarters, at least 20 miles. Additionally, it should also be constructed a good distance from the main road. There are certain facilities that should not be situated close to your facility such as airports, power plants and chemical facilities. Also, avoid building the facility on earthquake fault lines and in areas which are prone to natural disasters such as hurricanes and flooding.
Incorporate the Redundant Utilities: The data centers should always have at least two sources for utilities such as electricity, phone, water as well as data. The utility lines should be installed underground and should come in two different directions relative to the building. Negotiate with the power utility companies and determine if they can cater to the special needs of your datacenter.
Watch Out on the Walls: Use thick concrete walls to serve as a barrier against the elements. You can also deploy Kevlar for additional physical security.
Avoid the Windows: When designing the datacenter, what should come to mind is a warehouse and not an office. That is the format that the facility should take. You can have windows but in the administrative area of the facility.
Get additional protection through landscaping: You can use certain elements of landscaping in order to obscure the building and other security devices from passersby. You can also use these in order to prevent vehicles from getting too close to the facility.
Have a Buffer Zone Around the Site: If the landscaping above is not adequately protecting the data centre from vehicles and foot traffic, you can create at least a 100 feet buffer zone around the data center site. Deploy barriers which are crash proof for this purpose.
Limit Entry Points: Access control is one of the most important physical security barriers that you can have at your datacenter facility. You can implement this through access control technologies and devices as well as through well-enforced access policy. Install lots of cameras, biometric access control, PIN-based access and maintain a well-maintained roster of who should access the facility and at what time.
These are some of the main security best practices that you can incorporate in your datacenter facility. Meanwhile technology is constantly evolving, and every few years, facilities are coming with even more robust security measures in order to ensure your data is safe.